Saturday, March 11, 2006

Strange laws

For more of this stuff, just Google / Wikipedia "strange laws." Sorry that the post is so long.

Posted in LJ / GJ on April 19, 2004... current up till Bathroom Reader #16.

This is an assortment of looney laws I've collected from my Bathroom Readers and my Ripley's Believe it or Not: Encyclopedia of the Bizarre.

An old law in the state of Connecticut makes it illegal for beavers to build dams.

It's against the law in Detroit, Michigan, to tie your crocodile to a fire hydrant.

In Cambridge, Massachusetts, it was once against the law to snore in a bedroom unless the windows were closed and doors were locked.

Bachelors in Liverpool, England, in the sixteenth century were required by law to stay indoors after 9 PM.

Croquet was banned in Boston, Massachusetts, in the 1890's.

During the fifteenth century, men in England, Scotland, and France who refused a woman's proposal of marriage during a leap year could be punished by law.

In Morrisville, Pennsylvania, it was once against the law for women to wear makeup (including rouge, lipstick, and eye shadow) without a special permit!

In Chicago, Illinois, it's against the law to eat in a restaurant that's on fire.

In Kentucky, it's against the law to throw eggs at a public speaker.

In Shawnee, Oklahoma, it's illegal for three or more dogs to "meet" on private property without the consent of the owner.

In Hartford, Connecticut, transporting a cadaver by taxi is punishable by a $5 fine.

In Michigan, it's illegal for a woman to cut her own hair without her husband's permission. (let's just say I'd have trouble with this one!)

You can ride your bike on main streets in Forgan, Oklahoma, but it's against the law to ride it backwards.

If you tie an elephant to a parking meter in Orlando, Florida, you have to feed the meter just as if the elephant were a car.

California law forbids sleeping in the kitchen, but allows cooking in the bedroom.

It's a felony in Montana for a wife to open a telegram addressed to her husband. (it's not a crime for the husband to open telegrams addressed to his wife)

You can gargle in Louisiana if you want to, but it's against the law to do it in public.

In Maryland, it's against the law for grandchildren to marry their grandparents.

It's against the law to anchor your boat to the train tracks in Jefferson City, Missouri.

In Columbus, Montana, it's a misdemeanor to pass the Mayor on the street without tipping your hat.

It's illegal to throw an onion in Princeton, Texas.

Kentucky law requires that every person in the state take a bath at least once a year.

It's against the law to pawn your wooden leg in Delaware.

In Tuscumbia, Alabama, it is against the law for more than eight rabbits to reside on the same block.

In Birmingham, Alabama, it is illegal to drive a car while blindfolded.

In Arizona, it is illegal to hunt or shoot a camel.

In Atlanta, it is illegal to make faces at schoolchildren while they are studying.

In Hawaii, no one may whistle in a drinking establishment.

A law in Zion, Illinois, prohibits teaching household pets to smoke cigars.

According to Kentucky law, women may not appear on the highway in bathing suits unless they carry clubs.

In Marblehead, Massachusetts, each fire company responding to an alarm must be provided a three-gallon jug of rum.

It is illegal to fish for whales in any stream, river, or lake in Ohio.

Undertakers are prohibited from giving away books of matches in Shreveport, LA.

In Minnesota, it is illegal to dry both men's and women's underwear on the same clothesline.

In Natchez, Mississippi, it is unlawful for elephants to drink beer.

It is illegal for barbers in Waterloo, Nebraska, to eat onions between 7 AM and 7 PM.

In Yukon, Oklahoma, it is illegal for a patient to pull a dentist's tooth.

In Portland, Oregon, it is illegal to shake a feather duster in someone's face.

A South Carolina statute states that butchers may not serve on a jury when a man is being tried for murder.

In Knoxville, Tennessee, it is illegal to lasso a fish.

In Macomb, Illinois, it's illegal for a car to impersonate a wolf.

In Rumford, Maine, it's against the law to bite your landlord.

An ordinance in San Francisco bans picking up used confetti to throw again.

It's against the law in Atlanta, Georgia, to tie a giraffe to a telephone pole or street lamp.

In International Falls, Minnesota, it's against the law for a cat to chase a dog up a telephone pole.

It's illegal to catch fish while on horseback in Washington, DC.

It's illegal to take a lion to the theater in Maryland.

It's against the law to drive more than 2000 sheep down Hollywood Boulevard.

Brawley, California, passed a resolution banning snow within the city limits.

In Tennessee, it's illegal to drive a car while you're asleep.

Anyone found underneath a sidewalk in Florida is guilty of disorderly conduct.

It's illegal in New Jersey to slurp your soup.

A Texas law states that when two trains meet at a railroad crossing, each must come to a full stop, and neither shall proceed until the other has gone.

It's illegal in Hartford, Connecticut, to kiss your wife on a Sunday.

It's against the law in Kentucky to remarry the same man four times.

In Marshalltown, Iowa, it's illegal for a horse to eat a fire hydrant.

In Tennessee, it's against the law to shoot game other than whales from a moving car.

It's illegal in Fairbanks, Alaska, for two moose to have sex on city sidewalks.

It's illegal to ride an ugly horse down the street in Wilbur, Washington.

It's against the law to step out of an airplane while it's in the air over Maine.

If you don't like a statue in Star, Mississippi, hold your tongue. It's illegal to ridicule public architecture.

Ninth-grade boys can't grow moustaches in Brighamton, New York.

It's against the law to drink milk on a train passing through North Carolina.

Virginia law prohibits "corrupt practices or bribery by any person other than candidates."

You can't carry an ice cream cone in your pocket in Lexington, Kentucky.

It's illegal to spit against the wind in Sault Saint Marie, Michigan.

Goats can't legally wear trousers in Massachusetts.

In Lawrence, Kansas, it's against the law to carry bees around in your hat on city streets.

In Washington, DC, you're breaking the law if you paint lemons all over your car to let people know you were taken advantage of by a specific car dealer.

If you complain about the condition of the street in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, you can be forced to fix it yourself.

Oregon prohibits citizens from wiping their dishes. You must let them drip-dry.

It's illegal to swim on dry land in Santa Ana, California.

If you mispronounce "Arkansas" when you're in that state, you're breaking the law.

It's illegal in Hartford, Connecticut, to educate your dog.

You can't go barefoot in Austin, Texas, without a $5 permit.

It's illegal to play cards in the road in Somerset County, Maryland.

In Las Vegas, Nevada, it's against the law to pawn your dentures.

In Natoma, Kansas, it's illegal to throw knives at men wearing striped suits.

It's illegal to sleep with your boots on in Tulsa, Oklahoma.

If you're 88 years of age or older, it's illegal for you to ride your motorcycle in Idaho Falls, Idaho.

It's against the law (not to mention impossible) to whistle under water in Vermont.

In Alabama, it's illegal to play dominoes on Sunday.

It's illegal to eat snakes in Kansas.

In Barber, North Carolina, it's illegal for a cat to fight a dog (or vice versa).

It's illegal to sleep with chickens in Clawson City, Michigan... and illegal to walk your elephant without a leash in Wisconsin.

The law prohibits barbers in Omaha, Nebraska, from shaving the chests of customers.

In California, it's illegal to hunt whales from your automobile. It's also against the law to use your dirty underwear as a dust rag.

In St. Louis, Missouri, it's illegal for you to drink beer out of a bucket while you're sitting on a curb.

Cotton Valley, Louisiana, law forbids cows and horses from sleeping in a bakery.

The maximum penalty for double parking in Minneapolis, Minnesota, is working on a chain gang with nothing to eat but bread and water.

Paris law forbids spinning tops on sidewalks... and staring at the mayor.

19th century Scottish law required brides to be pregnant on their wedding day.

In England, it's against the law to sue the queen... or to name your daughter "Princess" without her permission.

The law in Teruel, Spain, forbids taking hot baths on Sunday. (cold baths are OK)

In Rio de Janeiro, it's illegal to dance the samba in a tunnel.

Gun control: In Switzerland, the law requires you to keep guns and ammunition in your home.

Swedish law prohibits trained seals from balancing balls on their noses.

If you're arrested for drunken driving in Malaysia, you go to jail. (so does your wife)

In Australia, it's illegal to hire a woman under the age of 45 to work as a chorus girl.

In Reykjavik, Iceland, it's illegal to keep a dog as a pet.

If you curse within earshot of a woman in Egypt, the law says you forfeit two days' pay.

In pre-Islamic Turkey, if a wife let the family coffeepot run dry, her husband was free to divorce her.

The opposite was true in Saudi Arabia, where a woman was free to divorce her husband if he didn't keep her supplied with coffee.

Horse in Mukden, China, are required to wear diapers; their owners are required "to empty them at regular intervals into specially-constructed receptacles."

Toronto, Canada, law requires pedestrians to give hand signals before turning.

English law forbids marrying your mother-in-law.

Red cars are outlawed in Shanghai, China.... and other automobile colors are assigned according to the owner's profession.

Tightrope walking is illegal in Winchester, Massachusetts.. unless you're in church.

It's against the law in Los Angeles to bathe two babies in the same tub at the same time.

In Margate City, New Jersey, it's illegal to surf in the nude or with a sock over the male genitalia.

If you live in Garfield County, Montana, you can't draw funny faces on window shades.. it's illegal.

In Fruithill, Kentucky, any man who comes face to face with a cow on a public road must remove his hat.

It's illegal to sleep in a garbage can in Lubbock, Texas.

You're breaking the law in South Dakota if you fall asleep in a cheese factory.

It's illegal in Roanoke, Virginia, to advertise on tombstones.

In Idaho, it's against the law to fish for trout while sitting on the back of a giraffe.

It's against the law to feed margarine instead of real butter to prisoners in Wisconsin.

In Hartford, Connecticut, it's illegal to walk across the street on your hands.

In Oxford, Ohio, a woman may not remove her clothing while standing in front of a picture of a man.

It's illegal in Oak Park, Illinois, to cook more than 100 doughnuts in one day.

It's against the law in South Bend, Indiana, to make a monkey smoke a cigarette.

It's illegal in California to peel an orange in your hotel room.

In Hawaii, it's against the law to put coins in your ears.

In Hillsboro, Oregon, it's illegal to let your horse ride in the backseat of your car.

In Carmel, California, it's against the law for a woman to take a bath in a business office.

An old law in Bristol, Tennessee, made it illegal for a woman to stop and adjust the line of her stockings in public.

A British law called the "Holy Days and Fasting Days Act of 1551" made it illegal for anyone to drive to church.

It's against the law in San Francisco, California, for anyone to walk an elephant down Market Street unless it's on a leash.

In Piqua, Ohio, it is illegal for anyone to take a bath before 10 PM.

At one time, men in Pine Island, Minnesota, had to remove their hats in the presence of a cow or risk arrest.

An old law in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, made it illegal for a housewife to hide dust and dirt under a rug.

In Chicago, Illinois, it's against the law to go fishing while wearing pajamas.

An old law in Nevada prevented anyone from riding a camel on a public highway.

An old law in Maine made it illegal for a police officer to arrest a dead man.

In Memphis, Tennessee, a city ordinance bars frogs from croaking after 11 PM.

A seventeenth-century law in Massachusetts made it illegal for juveniles to curse or physically attack their parents under penalty of death.

It was once against the law to sing out of tune in North Carolina.

It's against the law in Roderfield, West Virginia, to ride in a baby carriage unless you are an infant.

According to the Senchus Mor, a set of ancient Irish laws, it was once illegal for bees to trespass.

In 1685, the Japanese ruler Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, an animal lover, issued a code of 36 laws and punishments relating to animal care that included death to anyone who hit a biting dog.

John Mangefel, the first governor of the island of Yap, passed a law making it illegal to wear a tie.

Russian Czar Paul I made it a crime punishable by death by flogging for anyone to mention his baldness in his presence.

The village of Mackinac Island, Michigan, first banned the "horseless carriage" over 100 years ago, and still to this day does not allow cars on the island.

In Houston, Texas, it's against the law to make a noise while moving boxes.

An old law in North Carolina made it illegal to plow a field using an elephant.

The state of Wyoming banned photographing rabbits from January to April without written permission.

In the English town of York, it is still legal for citizens to use a bow and arrow to shoot any Scotsman discovered out and about after sunset.

It was once against the law for dentists to play checkers during their lunch hour.

In 1519, in Stelvio, Italy, moles accused of damaging crops were tried in a court of law and sentenced to exile.

Until 1819, it was against the law to cut down a tree in Britain.. those found guilty were sentenced to hang.

A law in Babylon circa 200 BC required ex-husbands to pay alimony.

In Carmel, New York, it's against the law for a man to go out wearing a jacket that doesn't match his pants.

In Berea, Ohio, dogs and cats out after dark were once required to wear tail lights.

Onions were banned in many places in ancient India, and people who ate them were required to do so outside city limits.

It's against the law in New York City to open an umbrella in front of a horse.

An ordinance passed in 1875 in the District of Columbia declared that owning an ailanthus, or "tree of heaven," was against the law.

A law in San Francisco made it illegal to dry a car in a car wash with rags made from old underwear.

Japan's Emperor Ichijo (986-1011) once exiled a dog and imprisoned its owner because the dog chased his favorite cat.

In Mobile, Alabama, it was once against the law for women to wear high heels on the streets.

In 1785, King Louis XVI of France issued a law stating that the lengths of handkerchiefs must equal their width.

A law in Gurnee, Illinois, made it illegal for women weighing over 200 pounds to ride a horse while wearing shorts.

In 1756, King Frederick I of Sweden issued a law forbidding the drinking of coffee.

In 1993, the mayor of Cebreros, Spain, officially banned humans and dogs from running in the city streets.

The city of Port Henry, New York, has passed a law forbidding anyone from disturbing the sea creature believed to live in Lake Champlain.

In Essex Falls, New Jersey, an old law stated that ducks could not quack after 10 PM.

The states of Illinois, Montana, and Minnesota all require by law that dentures have their owner's social security number on them.

King Amanullah of Afghanistan tried to pass a law requiring all of his subjects to wear bowler hats.

Paul I, Emperor of Russia (1754-1801), issued proclamations and orders dictating how his subjects should dress, and issued fines to people wearing pantaloons / trousers / tail coats / boots / waistcoats.

In Kansas, it's against the law to stack more than eight dishes.

At one time in South Foster, Rhode Island, if a dentist extracted the wrong tooth from a patient, he was ordered by law to have one of his own teeth extracted by the local blacksmith.

In ancient Greece, it was against the law for a person to be idle.

In was once against the law in Alaska to stick your tongue out at someone who caught a smaller fish than yours.

In 1511, the prince of Waldeck, Germany, offered a reward of ten thalers to anyone who reported someone illegally drinking coffee.

An old law in Brooklyn, New York, prevents a horse from sleeping in a bathtub inside its owner's home.

In Greece in 330 BC, a law called the "Stork's Law" (or Lex Ciconaria) was passed making it mandatory for children to care for their parents in old age.

Until recently, New York state law made it illegal to drive away after striking a horse, dog, or cow... but not a cat.

In medieval England, peasants were fined for sending their children to school instead of making them work in the fields.

England's Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658) issued a ban against pies, regarding them as an unnecessary extravagance.

In Newark, New Jersey, it was once against the law to sell ice cream to a customer unless he had a doctor's prescription.

In Milwaukee, Wisconsin, it was once against the law to leave a car parked on the street unless it was hitched to a horse.

In 1807, Czar Alexander I of Russia considered long trousers on men to be subversive. He ordered his troops to stop all carriages, and any man found wearing trousers had his legs immediately cut off at the knee.

An old law in Great Britain made it illegal for anyone to drive a car from the backseat.

In Brewton, Alabama, it's against the law to ride down the street in a motorboat.

Residents of Beijing, China, are forbidden by law to own dogs, but they can rent them as a rate of 23¢ for ten minutes.

All sturgeon fish caught in British waters are the sole property of the queen of England.

King Henry VIII of England outlawed bowling.

In ancient Greece, anyone caught killing a stork was tried for murder.

In Kansas, a doctor could legally prescribe beer to a patient, but could not join him in drinking any.

At one time in Minnesota, if a man hugged or kissed a young woman in front of her parents, it was considered a binding proposal of marriage.

In Orangeville, Ontario, it's against the law for a farmer, while he's around cattle, to wear socks with holes in the toes.

It was once illegal in Denver, Colorado, for acrobats to perform on the sidewalks any acrobatics that would frighten the horses.

A law in Green Bay, Wisconsin, states that owners of cars that drip oil on public roads be fined a dollar per drip.

In New York State, it's against the law to go fishing in your own backyard on Sundays.

A law in New York made it illegal for dogs to bark continually for more than 15 minutes. First-time offenders are fined $50, second time offenders $100, and third-time offenders were jailed for 15 days.

In Pu'uhonu O Honuahau, Hawaii, ancient laws called kapu forbade anyone from landing his canoe on a royal beach or letting his shadow fall on palace grounds.

"Cityspire," a skyscraper in New York City, was fined by the City Department of Environmental Protection for whistling!

It was once against the law in Schenectady, New York, to fill holes in the walls with putty on Sundays.

In Belt, Montana, it was once against the law to dance the "Angleworm Wiggle."

In ancient China, a suspect being questioned in court was forced to chew and spit out a handful of rice powder... if the powder was still dry, the suspect was considered guilty.

It was once against the law in Houston to buy goose liver, rye bread, or Limburger cheese on Sundays.

In 1610, a law was passed in Virginia making it illegal (and punishable by death) to miss church more than three times in a row.

In Waterville, Maine, it was once against the law to blow your nose in public.

In the ancient city of Amyclae, it was forbidden by law to spread rumors of any kind. Violators faced execution.

During the eighteenth century, the demand for linen was so great that a law was passed stating that only wool could be used to bury the dead.

A city ordinance in Fremont, California, forbids the repairing of spacecraft in family garages.

Horses are not allowed in the town of Fountain Inn, South Carolina, unless they are wearing pants.

In Normal, Oklahoma, people could be arrested, fined, or put in jail for making an ugly face to a dog.

In Sadieville, Kentucky, property owners are banned by law from mowing their lawns... but fishing in the nude is legal.

In ancient China, imperial law decreed that anyone who revealed the secret of making silk would be put to death.

A law in Tylertown, Missouri, made it illegal for a man to shave in the middle of Main Street.

A law in Idaho made it illegal to present someone with a box of candy that weighed over 50 pounds.

In 1986, California District Judge Samuel King issued an order for it to stop raining. The state endured five years of drought until the day in 1991 when he rescinded the order.

The Roman Emperor Caligula (AD 12-41) made it against the law for Roman citizens to bathe or laugh.

A sign posted on the Greenriver Bridge in Guiford, Vermont, warned of a $2 fine issued to anyone who passed through the bridge at a speed faster than a walk.

Until 1956, it was illegal in New York State for men to go out in public without a shirt.

It's against the law in Oklahoma to get fish drunk.

In Illinois, it's against the law for barbers to use their fingers to apply shaving cream to a customer's face.

An old law in Utah states that a height of a woman's high heels cannot be over one and a half inches.

In Bhutan, people can fish in streams and rivers, but by law must toss back all that they catch.

At one time in Owensboro, Kentucky, a woman could only buy a hat if her husband tried it on first.

In Nachidoches, Texas, people are prohibited by law from cracking pecan shells while attending church.

A California state law passed in 1872 makes it illegal to disturb any birds nesting in cemeteries, except for swallows.

A statute in Bibbenden, in Kent, England, states that "birds wishing to sing or crow at sunrise must be 200 yards away from human habitation."

It was once against the law in California to set of mousetrap without a hunting license.

A law in Colorado Springs, Colorado, states any dog is allowed to bite one person.

Sheila Corbin, of Huntsville, Texas, was arrested in a hospital emergency room on the charge of having overdue library books.

In Saskatchewan, Canada, marriage commissioners are required to keep all doors open during marriage ceremonies.

An old law in Saco, Missouri, prohibits women from wearing hats that might frighten timid persons, children, or animals.

A law in Blyth, California, made it illegal for people to wear cowboy boots unless they owned two cows.

In Alaska, it's against the law to look at a moose from a flying vehicle.

In ancient China, the punishment for public drunkenness was death by strangulation.

The mayor of Grand Lemps, France, a prohibitionist, issued an ordinance that any inhabitant may enter a saloon and drink his fill and then leave without paying.

On the island of Sark in the English Channel, women were granted the right to inherit property from their fathers in 1999... after the island's 400-year-old laws were struck down.

A law in Chicago, Illinois, made it illegal to take a French poodle to the opera.

In Illinois, it is against the law to fall asleep in a barber's chair.

In Detroit, Michigan, it's against the law to loiter at the city morgue.

It was once illegal in Wisconsin to serve apple pie without cheese.

In ancient Greece, it was illegal for an ordinary citizen to own an olive tree.

In 1993, Representative Robert Spear introduced a bill in the Maine Legislature to allow undersized lobsters that are caught to be kept as pets.

In Coral Gables, Florida, it is against the law to swim in a private pool near a church on a Sunday morning.

A city ordinance in Baltimore, Maryland, makes it against the law to mistreat an oyster.

A court in Germany made it illegal to name any hot dog product a "frankfurter" unless it was made in the region around Frankfurt, Germany.

In England during the fourteenth century, it was against the law for a man who earned fewer than twenty dollars a year to wear a silk nightcap to bed.

Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603) had an official uncorker of bottles.. it was illegal for anyone else to remove secret messages from bottles.

A Swedish court decided that the pet dog of a man sentenced to three months in jail should be cared for under the national welfare plan until the prisoner finished his sentence.

King John I did not sign the Magna Carta in 1215.

In 1951, crossword puzzles were banned by law in Burma.

A law in New Zealand requires dog owners to take their pets for a walk at least once every 24 hours.

An old law in Boston, Massachusetts, made it illegal for a man to serenade a woman at a window late at night unless he had a license.

An ancient law stated that all residents of Brussels, Belgium, who allowed rainwater to drain into public sewers would have to pay a special tax.

China's Ming emperors (1368-1644) decreed that the color green was a royal color, and anyone other than the emperor who was caught wearing anything green would be put to death.

An old law in Halethorpe, Maryland, made it illegal to kiss someone for longer than a minute.

In Melbourne, Australia, there is an 8 PM curfew for cats... and dogs are kept under house arrest at all times.

In 1536, England's King Henry VIII made it illegal to bake mincemeat pies on Christmas Day.. a law that still stands today.

Dry for over 140 years! In 1992, residents of Ephraim, Wisconsin, voted to retain a ban on liquor in the town that dates back to the 1850's.

It's against the law in Connecticut to sell pickles that fall apart when dropped from a height of twelve inches.

A 1937 law made spring cleaning compulsory for all citizens of Hungary.

In 1992, the government of Singapore banned chewing gum, imposing a $1200 fine for selling it, and a year in jail for importing it.

A law in Kentucky made it illegal to shoot an unloaded gun.

The House of Representatives, a restaurant in Washington, DC, is required by a federal law passed in 1904 to serve bean soup every day.

At one time in Germany, the punishment for damaging a tree was death.

On a street in Savoy Court, London, England, motorists are required by law to drive on the wrong side of the road.

In Ashland, Wisconsin, it is against the law to play marbles for keeps.

In medieval Europe, butchers were not allowed to serve on juries.

Louis XIV of France (1643-1715) decreed that only he could sit in a chair with arms.

In Paoli, Indiana, it's against the law to keep a noisy rooster.. the penalty is a $500 fine.

In the United States in 1919, it was illegal for people to play radios in private homes.

It's against the law to eat peanuts in church in Massachusetts.

In the fifteenth century, women in Florence, Italy, were forbidden by law to wear buttons.

In Hanford, California, it's against the law to stop a child from jumping in mud puddles.

It's against the law in Miriam, South Dakota, to "smoke" candy cigarettes while at school.

In Arkansas, it's against the law to blindfold a bull and lead the animal down a public road.

A law in Britain makes it illegal for trucks to get stuck under bridges that are too low for them to go under.

Until 1994, owners of carrier pigeons in France had to register their birds with the Department of National Defense.

A law in New Orleans stated that biting someone with natural teeth was "simple assault," but biting someone with false teeth was "aggravated assault."

An old law in Hammond, Indiana, made it illegal to throw watermelon seeds into the streets.

It's against the law to store snowballs in a refrigerator in Scottsbluff, Nebraska.

It was once illegal in the state of Alabama to call anyone a skunk, or by the name Adolf Hitler.

A law in Cleveland, Ohio, made it illegal to catch mice without a hunting license.

A 1975 city ordinance in Council Bluffs, Iowa, made it illegal to "worry" black squirrels.

In England, in 1865, a law was passed setting the speed limit for steam-driven coaches at four miles per hour.

An old law in Norfolk, Virginia, made it illegal for a woman to appear in public without a corset.

It was once against the law for anyone to bathe more than once a month in the state of Pennsylvania.

Donald Duck comics were once banned in Finland because the character doesn't wear pants.

In the first century BC, during the reign of Julius Caesar in Rome, matters relating to property / marriage / criminal guilt were often decided by the flip of a coin.

In 1451, in Lausanne, Switzerland, a handful of leeches were brought before a court and ordered to leave the area.

In 1991, an appeals court in New York State declared a house in Nyack, New York, to be officially haunted.

A ruling by the United States Supreme Court in 1993 determined that the tomato was a vegetable and not a fruit.

In 1992, a judge in Newark, New Jersey, sentenced a landlord to live in his own rundown apartment building.

In 1992, a judge in Los Osos, California, ordered the owners of three basset hounds to restrict the dogs' barking to once an hour, and no more than two minutes at a time.

"Burglarizing the burglar": In 1992, Judge Brown, of Memphis, Tennessee, allowed robbery victims to take anything they wanted from the home of the thief who robbed them.

In 1709, in Maranhao, Brazil, a nest of termites was put on trial and later given a conditional discharge binding them to keep the peace.

In 1474 in Basel, Switzerland, a rooster that laid an egg was put on trial and burned at the stake.

In Oviedo, Spain, a clothes moth was brought before a judge and charged with damaging a tapestry... the moth was sentenced to death and all its offspring were to be banished.

In Munster, Germany, in 1670 after a plague of fleas, the high court summoned the insects to appear before it. All the fleas disobeyed but one... and were therefore disfranchised and banished for 10 years.

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"Don't tempt me with your ice cream... I'm Lenting chocolate!"

When Sam picked me up, we discussed his bad midterm yesterday... hopefully it isn't as bad as he thinks! He asked me whether my sister was curling then: I think so, even if she tried to steal a bunch of the Awana leaders on gospel meeting day! Mike had called him earlier wanting a ride since his dad was off somewhere and his mom was still in Hong Kong for some reason or other. We hope she's not there for a bad / big reason, since usually it IS like that if our parents go off there! Then we got into our grandparents dying there, and our parents having to fly out for funeral-type stuff... yes, we're morbid and oh-so-cheerful on our way to Awana to help with the kiddies! Sam called Joey to get him to tell Melia that we'd be late since we had to pick Mike up: turns out that he and Emily were stuck because of a car accident!

Sam tried honking twice when we got to Mike's since that's what he'd said to do, but no luck. He needs a louder horn since Mike didn't hear a thing! Mike referred to himself in the third person when he mentioned that he'd get his first / a new cell phone: supposedly, he can use his mom's while she's in Hong Kong. However, he doesn't want to because it has a flowery case. That set off a round of jokes from me and Sam about ha customized case and his next birthday card being pink and having flowers / (edible) sprinkles / rainbows all over it, especially the gay kind of rainbows! (the "gay rainbow" symbol) Mike can handle pink, and he can handle rainbows as long as it's not the gay rainbows! When I told him that his next birthday card would be oh-so-flowery with stickers and such, he told me deadpan that he was looking SO forward to it, haha.

After Awana, someone brought Breyer's ice cream with chocolate in it out of the freezer and tried tempting Emily with it while Sarah ate sushi and the rest of us ate taro wafers. Emily's Lenting chocolate this year, so refused to give in to Mike's chocolate-themed goading. (all in good fun, like Sam saying that he'd Lented specific types of alcohol last year) Joey is Lenting candy, but broke it twice already! I told them that my brother was Lenting beer this year, and had Lented Pho last year... and bubble tea the year before that. (Lenting = giving things up for Lent) We discussed how long Lent was, and listened to Tina singing something from a Korean show. Isabel thought she could be the high school Idol, haha. However, Emily's school has no school spirit since something gets cancelled every month due to lack of participation. =/

From there, Sam and I were off to pick up his mom from work. We had to wait for more than 20 minutes, so we napped for 10 or so minutes. After that, we were watchful and placed a couple of phone calls to her to see when exactly she was coming out! She finally came out at 7:10-ish and rewarded us with Chinese crackers. I think I'll have sugar overload since I had some cake earlier, then those crackers, and now a fried chicken dinner with a brownie. Ah well, as long as I'm not too hyper since I need my sleep tonight!

Melissa emailed me back about those Chinese restaurant menu translations: yes, they were most amusing! I'm going to forward it to the Awana group once Melia emails us a reminder about next week's Rorheim Vision Conference! (the kids get a break, but we don't!) Sam joked that he and I were coming because Mike was, and Mike said that it was the first time everything depended on him! It's more like Mike and I are coming because Sam is, haha. (he's our ride, just like Mary and Winnie's moms are their rides!)

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RAS Syndrome, a survey about me, Final Fantasy 7, and beer

RAS Syndrome

Thanks to Sarah G. (Tonks) for giving me yet another time-waster...

1. What is your occupation? CEO of the universe. ;)

2. What color are your socks right now? White and brown.

3. What are you listening to right now? Corey's DVD on random... right now, it's GWAR's Gor-Gor.

4. What was the last thing that you ate? Munching on Shreddies now.

5. Can you drive a stick shift? Nope, I can't drive.

6. If you were a crayon, what color would you be? Blue (indigo) or purple.

7. Last person you spoke to on the phone? Sam. (technically, it was the Big Brothers lady who woke me up... but let's not go there! )

8. Do you like the person above you? No. Whoever lives right above me regularly sounds like they keep a herd of rampaging elephants in their apartment!

9. How old are you today? 29.

10. Favorite drink(s): Raspberry margarita.

11. What is your favorite sport to watch? Hockey!

12. Have you ever dyed your hair? No, but my sister once dyed hers red. That was an interesting Christmas break...

13. What is the temptation you give in to most (too) often? Spending too much money.

14. Pets? None, since they're not allowed in the apartment buildings around here.

15. Favorite food? Wonton mein and hot and sour soup.

16. What was the last movie you watched? Brokeback Mountain.

17. Favorite day of the year? September 17.

18. What do you do to vent anger? Write about it, scream, or let 'em have it.

19. What was your favorite toy as a child? Pac-Man!

20. Which is your favorite: Fall or Spring? Spring.

21. Hugs or kisses? Hugs.

22. Cherry or Blueberry? Cherry.

23. Do you want your people to answer? Sure, if they want.

24. Who is most likely to respond? Nobody here.

25. Who is least likely to respond? Nobody here.

26. Living arrangements? Just me, myself, and I.

27. When was the last time you cried? A couple weeks ago.

28. What is on the floor of your closet? Piles of clothing and stuff. (yeah, I know it's a CLOSET... but seriously I have too much stuff!)

29. Who is the friend you have had the longest? Daniel and Chung.

30. What did you do last night? Went to Fellowship for "dessert and inner beauty makeover night," and caught up with some of my friends.

31. Favorite smells? Home cooking!

32. What inspires you? Books.

33. What are you afraid of? Insects, people not knowing that I'm dead, escalators, getting lost, parental reactions, etc.

34. Plain, cheese, or spicy hamburgers? Cheeseburgers... the spicy ones are often not spicy ENOUGH.

35. Favorite cars? The Parisienne with its fart lever... then again, maybe not considering that Eric and Jon have bugged me numerous times with it while denying its existence! So maybe one that runs well and has a lot of features which are cool and safe.

36. Favorite dog breed? None... poodle, maybe. But the Pomeranians look cute, too!

37. Number of keys on your key ring? 4.

38. How many years at your current job? All my life...

39. Favorite day of the week? Fridays.

40. How many states have you lived in? None.

41. Favorite holidays? Easter and Thanksgiving.

42. Ever driven a motorcycle or operated heavy machinery? No.

What would be your role in FFVII? by NanakiBH
Favorite Color
RoleA hot bishy, you had an affair with one of the lead characters. Lucky.
Love InterestAeris
How you dieYour love interest murdered you for no good reason.
Quiz created with MemeGen!

You Are Heineken

You appreciate a good beer, but you're not a snob about it.
You like your beer mild and easy to drink, so you can concentrate on being drunk.
Overall, you're a friendly drunk who's likely to buy a whole round for your friends... many times.
Sometimes you can be a bit boring when you drink. You may be prone to go on about topics no one cares about.

HAHAHA. This reminds me of my Beer photo album.

Image hosting by Photobucket

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Hilarious signs from around the world

For more of this stuff, see Engrish. :D

On the grass in a Paris park: "Please do not be a dog."

Outside a Hong Kong dress shop: "Ladies have fits upstairs."

A sign posted in Germany's Black Forest: "It is strictly forbidden on our Black Forest camping site that people of different gender, for instance men and women, live together in one tent unless they are married with each other for that purpose."

At a Belgrade hotel: "Restauroom open daily."

Outside an Athens shop: "Park one hour. Later dick dock goes the money clock."

In a Rome hotel room: "Please dial 7 to retrieve your auto from the garbage."

In a Paris guidebook: "To call a broad from France, first dial 00, then the country's code and then your number."

In a Tokyo rental car: "When passenger of foot heave in sight, tootle the horn. Trumpet him melodiously at first, but if he still obstacles your passage then tootle him with vigor."

Detour sign in Japan: "Stop: Drive Sideways"

At a Seoul hotel desk: "Choose twin bed or marriage size; we regret no King Kong size."

In a Chinese menu: "Cold Shredded Children and Sea Blubber in Spicy Sauce."

In menu in Nepal: "Complimentary glass wine or bear."

On packaging for a kitchen knife in Korea: "Warning: Keep out of children."

On an Italian train: "Water not potatoble."

At a Tokyo bar: "Special cocktails for the ladies with nuts."

At a Budapest zoo: "Please do not feed the animals. If you have any suitable food, give it to the guard on duty."

At a Budapest hotel: "All rooms not denounced by twelve o'clock will be paid for twicely."

In a Hong Kong supermarket: "For your convenience, we recommend courteous, efficient self-service."

At a Norwegian cocktail lounge: "Ladies are requested not to have children in the bar."

In a tailor ship in Rhodes: "Order your summer suit. Because is big rush we will execute customers in strict order."

A laundry in Rome: "Ladies, leave your clothes here and spend the afternoon having a good time."

In a Czech tourist agency: "Take one of our horse-driven city tours -- we guarantee no miscarriages."

On a Viennese restaurant menu: "Fried milk, children sandwiches, roast cattle, and boiled sheep."

In a Swiss mountain inn: "Special today -- no ice cream."

A doctor's office in Rome: "Specialist in women and other diseases."

In a Moscow hotel room: "If this is your first visit to the USSR, you are welcome to it."

At a Vienna hotel: "In case of fire, do your utmost to alarm the hotel porter."

At a Hong Kong dentist: "Teeth extracted by the latest Methodists."

At a Swedish furrier: "Fur coats made for ladies from their own skin."

Havana hotel: "Guests are prohibited from walking around in the lobby in large groups in the nude."

Seville cathedral: "It is forbidden to enter a woman even if a foreigner is dressed as a man."

Barcelona hospital: "Visitors two to a bed and half an hour only."

Tokyo barbershop: "All customers promptly executed."

Torremolinos hotel: "We highly recommend the hotel tart."

Israel butcher shop: "I slaughter myself twice daily."

Colon restaurant: "Because of the impropriety of entertaining persons of the opposite sex in the bedroom, it is requested that the lobby be used for this purpose."

Sri Lanka restaurant: "All vegetables in this establishment have been washed in water especially passed by the management."

Zanzibar barbershop: "Gentlemen's throats cut with nice sharp razors."

Budapest shop: "Very smart! Almost pansy!"

French swimming pool: "Swimming is forbidden in the absence of the savior."

Paris dress shop: "Dresses for street walking."

Barcelona travel agency: "Go away."

Japanese hotel: "It is forbidden to steal hotel towels please. If you are not person to do such thing is please not to read notis."

Another Japanese hotel: "You are invited to take advantage of the chambermaid."

Leipzig hotel elevator: "Do not enter the lift backwards, and only when lit up."

Belgrade hotel elevator: "To move the cabin, push button for wishing floor. If the cabin should enter more persons, each one should press a number of wishing floor. Driving is then going alphabetically by national order."

Paris hotel elevator: "Please leave your values at the front desk."

Swiss restaurant menu: "Our wines leave you nothing to hope for."

Athens hotel: "Visitors are expected to complain at the office between the hours of 9 and 11 AM daily."

Yugoslavia hotel: "The flattening of underwear with pleasure is the job of the chambermaid."

Bucharest hotel lobby: "The lift is being fixed for the next day. During that time we regret that you will be unbearable."

Austrian hotel for skiers: "Not to perambulate corridors in the hours of repose in the boots of ascension."

Menu at a Polish hotel: "Salad a firm's own make; limpid red beet soup with cheesy dumplings in the form of a finger; roasted duck let loose; beef rashers beaten up in the country people's fashion."

In a Japanese hotel room: Please to Bathe inside the tub.

From a chopstick wrapper in a Chinese restaurant: Can you eat with chopsticks Doctor told us / Be intell / eat by using chopsticks / Lots of people use chopsticks / So try eat your chopsticks / Right now!

Air conditioner directions in a Japanese hotel room: Cooles and Heates: If you want just condition of warm in your room, please control yourself.

Outside a Russian monastery: You are welcome to visit the cemetery where famous Russian and Soviet composers, artists, and writers are buried daily except Thursday.

In a Finland hotel: If you cannot reach a fire exit, close the door and expose yourself at the window.

In a Copenhagen airport: We take your bags and send them in all directions.

From a Majorcan (Spain) shop entrance: Here speeching American.

Warning label on Chinese lint-cleaning roller:
1. Do not use this roller to the floorings that made of wood and plastic.
2. Do not use this roller to clean the stuffs that dangerous to your hands such as glass and chinaware.
3. Do not use the roller to people's head, it is dangerous that hair could be sticked up to cause unexpected suffering.

In a Nairobi restaurant: Customers who find our waitresses rude ought to see the manager.

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Dude, I am not sitting on your tape / hand cream / Kleenex box!

Eric tried getting me to sit on a tape, a tube of hand cream, and his Kleenex box when he finally showed up at around 7:30 tonight. (he said he was on his way at 7:15, but must have been delayed...) I was having none of it... I tossed the Kleenex box in the backseat, and held the other two items until we got to church. (then I put them in the glove compartment) He asked me whether I'd journalled about anything weird this week, and whether it was Homestar Runner-weird or Strong Sad-weird... probably somewhere between those two extremes! Then he told me that he'd laughed very hard at the hilarious menu translations: that's what I did, too! He made some gaming references and sang some I Mother Earth tunes too. Yup, I was also crazy as advertised earlier. ;)

We had a dessert night with "inner beauty makeover" in the balcony, which featured ice cream / cake / stuffed mushrooms / hot apple cider / chicken kebabs with spicy sauce / cheese and crackers. I foisted my fudge ice cream off on Teresa: she may be slightly weird, but she still deserves love like everyone else! (good thing she took it, since I didn't like it... mwahahaha!) The subject of Jonestown was brought up: I should send Karen Choo the Wikipedia links and such after she asked what exactly happened. Pastor Edward said that smart people like Stanford professors got caught up in the cult, and Eric remarked to me that stupid people had to be there too... for sure! I also let him borrow my pen to take notes: it's what I'd do for any friend of mine! :D

Kevin asked whether my moving situation was final now or what: it definitely is, and it helps to know one way or the other for sure! That way, I'm not surprised or anything else: at least I could have prepared for moving if I had to. (which I don't... I should also pay my Shaw bill as soon as I get more money, since this is yet another bill I got after the due date) Lesley said she'd appreciate them since her friends in China would love them. She's been to China at least twice, and the translations are apparently very weird, haha. She asked what "veracity" meant later on: dude, you should KNOW since you're an English teacher! Then she mentioned that she'd love any good videos that I might find since she'd use those in her lesson plans for her students, who'd appreciate those: um, if I find any! Randal / Connie / Jenny said they loved them, and Frances said that it might be even funnier if she could understand the Chinese characters! (for sure!) Speaking of things I should send people, I should also link Eric to that "gymnastic pooping" icon since we were talking about production and such earlier. Hahaha!

A bunch of us were admiring baby Benjamin: he sleeps pretty well with all these people talking, and music being played around him! Then Phil showed us a parody of Sir Mix-A-Lot's Baby Got Back from a preacher who goes by the name of Southpaw for his music videos: it's called Baby Got Book (the Bible), and is pretty hilarious! (apparently we should Google "yellow fever" for more, haha) Eric went downstairs for a bit later, and informed me that my sister had gone already; since I had to go downstairs for my own reasons afterwards, I peeked into the basement to find all the other group gone already at 10:30! On the way home, he made references to Batman and meatloaf. He also asked me what I thought about our hockey trade deadline acquisitions: I hadn't read the sports section, but I will now: defensemen Eric Weinrich / Keith Carney / Sean Brown, goalie Mika Noronen (who clouds Dan Cloutier's future) are in Vancouver. They gave up Steve McCarthy, Tomas Mojzis, minor leaguer Brett Skinner, and a bunch of draft picks. At least this will shore up our defensive blueline corps... goodness knows we need help there with injuries and such!

When I got home, I called Sam to see if he could pick me up tomorrow: all systems are a go for that, so that's another thing taken care of! Then I bugged Corey about the David Aebischer-Jose Theodore goalie trade (Colorado-Montreal, which is reminiscent of the Patrick Roy trade years ago), even though he doesn't really care about hockey. (haha, gotta keep on your toes while talking to me!) Ah, life is good right now. :D

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Friday, March 10, 2006

Melted snow, crazy MSN with Eric, OK Cupid, philosophy, green quiz, six questions

Well, the snow has melted, so yay for me! Now I can conceivably make plans with Eric M. on MSN or something, if he ever shows up! (or I can email) Steph always says I should do it earlier, but he has guitar lessons on Thursdays and who-knows-what the other days of the week... yeah, we're kinda lazy. But as long as it gets done, then whatever works! ;) He did get on MSN finally, and asked if I was going to fall... or if I was going to Fellowship. Then he told me that he'd fallen from his chair, and asked whether that was scary or not since he was sure he'd fallen in the past. He also called me a silly girl while telling me to answer his question... sure I'm going, if you're up for another crazy hyper car ride! (mwahahahaha...)

I got another message on OK Cupid... at first, I thought it would be that illiterate idiot with some sort of poorly-constructed rebuttal to my message, but I appear to have shut him up! Someone apparently gave me a very special "woo" (you can only give those out three times per day), so maybe I'll check out his profile. Hmm. Lives in Durham (oooh, England!) and likes a lot of philosophy. (names I've never heard of like Heidegger, Schopenhauer, Marx, Nishitani [as well as the rest of the Kyoto school], Laozi, Camus, Erick Fromm, Marcuse, Derrida, Adorno Zhaungzi, Meister Eckhert, Cioran, Lefebvre, Guy Debord, Sartre, Foucault Ernst Bloch and Kierkegaard) Then again, "I apologize for my dyslexia, and you should message me if you're [sic] a dominant Asian woman who would put me across her knee..." Uh... er.... yeah, I dunno. Maybe I'll message him later, but I'm not that kind of person! o_O Probably not, though!

You Are Mint Green

Balanced and calm, you have mastered the philosophy of living well.
Your friends seek you out for support, and you are able to bring stability to chaotic situations.
You're very open and cheerful - and you feel like you have a lot of freedom in life.
Your future may hold any number of exciting things, and you're ready for all of them!

Ask me 1 question for each of the following:

1. Friends
2. Sex
3. Music
4. Drugs
5. Love
6. Livejournal

No matter how rude, sexual, or confidential.
Then post this in your journal and see what questions you get asked!

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Snow / Fall Out Boy / Sperm Donors

Holy crud. I think it's a good thing I went out earlier today before it started to snow here! o_O I'm not going out till that shizzle stops and melts, yo! Besides, I hate the snow anyway... damn you, killer snow!

Nashville beat Vancouver 3-2 tonight... sigh.

Candy says she swiped the Soda quiz for the Q... of course I don't mind!

Have you heard about the lead singer of Fall Out Boy and his... er... washroom incident? I'm not looking at this picture, but I'm leaving the link here. Go figure. Warning: involves penis.
Oh No They Didn't gets into it.

Twenty kids, eleven moms, one dad. Gary's comment about "Maybe I just find it logical because I'm a man, and it almost rationalizes polygamy" was kinda weird, heh.

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Thursday, March 09, 2006

Hot and sour soup, watches, perfect gift for Justin, mail, good deals on cake, and more

Went out to mail Corey's birthday card / Fast-Acting Long-Lasting Bathroom Reader (#18) / curry chips / stickers to him in a shoebox, and mail Cassandra's St. Patrick's Day card / Vancouver postcards / stickers to her as well. While I was out, I got a $6.99 cookies n' cream cake for myself... it's a good deal considering that restaurants charge you $4.99 or more for a SLICE! I also got some microwaveable meals (yay for coupons!), liquid soap, and the perfect birthday gift for Justin! His birthday's not till August, but Uncle John's Tees off on Golf with a "Golf Star" bookmark is great for him since he's always liked golf! (I just hope he doesn't have the book already when August comes around, since this happened in November 2003 with Jon and a Neil Young book) Also had some hot and sour soup... man, that stuff is good when it's cold outside! Got myself a new bangle watch too, since my old one was losing time. So that was at least productive. :D

Your Luck Quotient: 33%

You have a low luck quotient.
You've had a few lucky experiences, but overall, you feel like a pretty unlucky person.
Good luck can come your way, but you have to be more trusting in the world.
Have some new experiences. Meet some new people. You never know where luck can be lurking!

yours is "Pay no mind to those who talk behind your back... it simply means that you are two steps ahead." Keep it up... no one can get you down!

Which Kick Ass Shirt Saying Are You??
brought to you by Quizilla

This quiz is stupid and emo. Stupid typing and band choices!

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Questions / Eric H. / Randal / Crazy Russians

1. Who has NEVER used "LOL" anywhere except for the purposes of illustration, like I am doing here?
2. Who has NEVER had a screen name with numbers / leet speak in it?
3. How did you come across this journal?

My answers:

1. I haven't, and I'm proud of it. :D
2. See above. :D

Earlier today, Eric H. gave me a buzz ("quick messages!") on MSN. Seems his mom told some Hong Kong people that he'd be going to dinner on Saturday. ("My mom's COMMITTED me to dinner with these people!") He feels badly about our proposed hangout plans, but we didn't really set anything in stone the other day, so it's not quite as horrible as he thinks it is for me. Says he'll make it up to me... that's fine, too. :D

Randal emailed me about dessert on Friday, spamming everyone else's inboxes in the process since it grew out of my sending everyone those hilarious restaurant translations: "If we can each bring one of these items on those websites, I think we would have quite a memorable night. There is never an issue of whether or not you are "allowed" to bring dessert.... unless, of course, your idea of dessert is dog meat, animal intestines, or one of those weird "cowboy" meat dishes in the websites mentioned below. Bring one dessert, bring both, or just bring yourself -- That should be more than enough sweetness for everybody."

As I said in my reply (which didn't spam everyone's email inboxes :P), I may hang around with Jon and Jeremy and Ty while they jokingly discuss raw dog... but I would never bring dog as an actual dessert. (Ty is my brother's friend, who actually DID eat dog while on a missions trip to China once... yes, it was cooked :P) I'm surprised he thinks I'm sweet... then again, most people seem to think that. Must be because I save my non-sweetness for mostly online interaction when I'm feeling cranky. ;)

I've been exchanging comments with a Russian dude... of course I've been patient with his English! I might friend him, except his journal's all in Russian. Oh well... those crazy Russians. ;)

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Wednesday, March 08, 2006

Animal Ingredients / Soda

Since I'm rather busy at the moment going through archives and such to fill out my tag lists, here's a long list of animal ingredients that I got from a "useless facts" community on December 31. :D

Hormone from adrenal glands of hogs, cattle, and sheep. In medicine. Alternatives: synthetics.

(See Amino Acids.)

In eggs, milk, muscles, blood, and many vegetable tissues and fluids. In cosmetics, albumen is usually derived from egg whites and used as a coagulating agent. May cause allergic reaction. In cakes, cookies, candies, etc. Egg whites sometimes used in "clearing" wines. Derivative: Albumin.

(See Albumen.)

(See Allantoin.)

(See Allantoin.)

Aliphatic Alcohol
(See Lanolin and Vitamin A.)

Uric acid from cows, most mammals. Also in many plants (especially comfrey). In cosmetics (especially creams and lotions) and used in treatment of wounds and ulcers. Derivatives: Alcloxa, Aldioxa. Alternatives: extract of comfrey root, synthetics.

Alligator Skin
(See Leather.)

Alpha-Hydroxy Acids
Any one of several acids used as an exfoliant and in anti-wrinkle products. Lactic acid may be animal-derived (see Lactic Acid). Alternatives: glycolic acid, citric acid, and salicylic acid are plant- or fruit-derived.

From whale intestines. Used as a fixative in making perfumes and as a flavoring in foods and beverages. Alternatives: synthetic or vegetable fixatives.

Amino Acids
The building blocks of protein in all animals and plants. In cosmetics, vitamins, supplements, shampoos, etc. Alternatives: synthetics, plant sources.

Aminosuccinate Acid
(See Aspartic Acid.)

Hair from the Angora rabbit or goat. Used in clothing. Alternatives: synthetic fibers.

Animal Fats and Oils
In foods, cosmetics, etc. Highly allergenic. Alternatives: olive oil, wheat germ oil, coconut oil, flaxseed oil, almond oil, safflower oil, etc.

Animal Hair
In some blankets, mattresses, brushes, furniture, etc. Alternatives: vegetable and synthetic fibers.

Arachidonic Acid
A liquid unsaturated fatty acid that is found in liver, brain, glands, and fat of animals and humans. Generally isolated from animal liver. Used in companion animal food for nutrition and in skin creams and lotions to soothe eczema and rashes. Alternatives: synthetics, aloe vera, tea tree oil, calendula ointment.

Arachidyl Proprionate
A wax that can be from animal fat. Alternatives: peanut or vegetable oil.

Aspartic Acid. Aminosuccinate Acid.
Can be animal or plant source (e.g., molasses). Sometimes synthesized for commercial purposes.

Bee Pollen
Microsporic grains in seed plants gathered by bees then collected from the legs of bees. Causes allergic reactions in some people. In nutritional supplements, shampoos, toothpastes, deodorants. Alternatives: synthetics, plant amino acids, pollen collected from plants.

Bee Products
Produced by bees for their own use. Bees are selectively bred. Culled bees are killed. A cheap sugar is substituted for their stolen honey. Millions die as a result. Their legs are often torn off by pollen-collection trapdoors.

Beeswax. Honeycomb.
Wax obtained from melting honeycomb with boiling water, straining it, and cooling it. From virgin bees. Very cheap and widely used but harmful to the skin. In lipsticks and many other cosmetics (especially face creams, lotions, mascara, eye creams and shadows, face makeups, nail whiteners, lip balms, etc.). Derivatives: Cera Flava. Alternatives: paraffin, vegetable oils and fats. Ceresin, aka ceresine, aka earth wax. (Made from the mineral ozokerite. Replaces beeswax in cosmetics. Also used to wax paper, to make polishing cloths, in dentistry for taking wax impressions, and in candle-making.) Also, carnauba wax (from the Brazilian palm tree; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; rarely causes allergic reactions). Candelilla wax (from candelilla plants; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; also in the manufacture of rubber and phonograph records, in waterproofing and writing inks; no known toxicity). Japan wax (Vegetable wax. Japan tallow. Fat from the fruit of a tree grown in Japan and China.).

Benzoic Acid
In almost all vertebrates and in berries. Used as a preservative in mouthwashes, deodorants, creams, aftershave lotions, etc. Alternatives: cranberries, gum benzoin (tincture) from the aromatic balsamic resin from trees grown in China, Sumatra, Thailand, and Cambodia.

Beta Carotene
(See Carotene.)

Biotin. Vitamin H. Vitamin B Factor.
In every living cell and in larger amounts in milk and yeast. Used as a texturizer in cosmetics, shampoos, and creams. Alternatives: plant sources.

From any slaughtered animal. Used as adhesive in plywood, also found in foam rubber, intravenous feedings, and medicines. Possibly in foods such as lecithin. Alternatives: synthetics, plant sources.

Boar Bristles
Hair from wild or captive hogs. In "natural" toothbrushes and bath and shaving brushes. Alternatives: vegetable fibers, nylon, the peelu branch or peelu gum (Asian, available in the U.S.; its juice replaces toothpaste).

Bone Char
Animal bone ash. Used in bone china and often to make sugar white. Serves as the charcoal used in aquarium filters. Alternatives: synthetic tribasic calcium phosphate.

Bone Meal
Crushed or ground animal bones. In some fertilizers. In some vitamins and supplements as a source of calcium. In toothpastes. Alternatives: plant mulch, vegetable compost, dolomite, clay, vegetarian vitamins.

(See Vitamin D.)

(See Leather.)

Caprylamine Oxide
(See Caprylic Acid.)

Capryl Betaine
(See Caprylic Acid.)

Caprylic Acid
A liquid fatty acid from cow's or goat's milk. Also from palm and coconut oil, other plant oils. In perfumes, soaps. Derivatives: Caprylic Triglyceride, Caprylamine Oxide, Capryl Betaine. Alternatives: plant sources.

Caprylic Triglyceride
(See Caprylic Acid.)

(See Urea.)

Carmine. Cochineal. Carminic Acid.
Red pigment from the crushed female cochineal insect. Reportedly, 70,000 beetles must be killed to produce one pound of this red dye. Used in cosmetics, shampoos, red apple sauce, and other foods (including red lollipops and food coloring). May cause allergic reaction. Alternatives: beet juice (used in powders, rouges, shampoos; no known toxicity); alkanet root (from the root of this herb-like tree; used as a red dye for inks, wines, lip balms, etc.; no known toxicity. Can also be combined to make a copper or blue coloring). (See Colors.)

Carminic Acid
(See Carmine.)

Carotene. Provitamin A. Beta Carotene.
A pigment found in many animal tissues and in all plants. Used as a coloring in cosmetics and in the manufacture of vitamin A.

Casein. Caseinate. Sodium Caseinate.
Milk protein. In "non-dairy" creamers, soy cheese, many cosmetics, hair preparations, beauty masks. Alternatives: soy protein, soy milk, and other vegetable milks.

(See Casein.)

Wool from the Kashmir goat. Used in clothing. Alternatives: synthetic fibers.

Castor. Castoreum.
Creamy substance with strong odor from muskrat and beaver genitals. Used as a fixative in perfume and incense. Alternatives: synthetics, plant castor oil.

(See Castor.)

Tough string from the intestines of sheep, horses, etc. Used for surgical sutures. Also for stringing tennis rackets and musical instruments, etc. Alternatives: nylon and other synthetic fibers.

Cera Flava
(See Beeswax.)

Fatty acids and sugars found in the covering of nerves. May include tissue from brain.

Cetyl Alcohol
Wax found in spermaceti from sperm whales or dolphins. Alternatives: Vegetable cetyl alcohol (e.g., coconut), synthetic spermaceti.

Cetyl Palmitate
(See Spermaceti.)

A fiber derived from crustacean shells. Used as a lipid binder in diet products, in hair, oral and skin care products, antiperspirants, and deodorants. Alternatives: raspberries, yams, legumes, dried apricots, and many other fruits and vegetables.

(See Lanolin.)

A steroid alcohol in all animal fats and oils, nervous tissue, egg yolk, and blood. Can be derived from lanolin. In cosmetics, eye creams, shampoos, etc. Alternatives: solid complex alcohols (sterols) from plant sources.

Choline Bitartrate
(See Lecithin.)

Unctuous secretion painfully scraped from a gland very near the genital organs of civet cats. Used as a fixative in perfumes. Alternatives: (See alternatives to Musk.)

(See Carmine.)

Cod Liver Oil
(See Marine Oil.)

Fibrous protein in vertebrates. Usually derived from animal tissue. Can't affect the skin's own collagen. An allergen. Alternatives: soy protein, almond oil, amla oil (see alternative to Keratin), etc.

Colors. Dyes.
Pigments from animal, plant, and synthetic sources used to color foods, cosmetics, and other products. Cochineal is from insects. Widely used FD&C and D&C colors are coaltar (bituminous coal) derivatives that are continuously tested on animals due to their carcinogenic properties. Alternatives: grapes, beets, turmeric, saffron, carrots, chlorophyll, annatto, alkanet.

(See Cortisone.)

Cortisone. Corticosteroid.
Hormone from adrenal glands. Widely used in medicine. Alternatives: synthetics.

Cysteine, L-Form
An amino acid from hair which can come from animals. Used in hair-care products and creams, in some bakery products, and in wound-healing formulations. Alternatives: plant sources.

An amino acid found in urine and horsehair. Used as a nutritional supplement and in emollients. Alternatives: plant sources.

(See Panthenol.)

(See Monoglycerides and Glycerin.)

Dimethyl Stearamine
(See Stearic Acid.)

Goose or duck insulating feathers. From slaughtered or cruelly exploited geese. Used as an insulator in quilts, parkas, sleeping bags, pillows, etc. Alternatives: polyester and synthetic substitutes, kapok (silky fibers from the seeds of some tropical trees) and milkweed seed pod fibers.

Duodenum Substances
From the digestive tracts of cows and pigs. Added to some vitamin tablets. In some medicines. Alternatives: vegetarian vitamins, synthetics.

(See Colors.)

Egg Protein
In shampoos, skin preparations, etc. Alternatives: plant proteins.

Protein found in the neck ligaments and aortas of cows. Similar to collagen. Can't affect the skin's own elasticity. Alternatives: synthetics, protein from plant tissues.

Emu Oil
From flightless ratite birds native to Australia and now factory farmed. Used in cosmetics and creams. Alternatives: vegetable and plant oils.

(See Vitamin D.)

(See Vitamin D.)

(See Estrogen.)

Estrogen. Estradiol.
Female hormones from pregnant mares' urine. Considered a drug. Can have harmful systemic effects if used by children. Used for reproductive problems and in birth control pills and Premarin, a menopausal drug. In creams, perfumes, and lotions. Has a negligible effect in the creams as a skin restorative; simple vegetable-source emollients are considered better. Alternatives: oral contraceptives and menopausal drugs based on synthetic steroids or phytoestrogens (from plants, especially palm-kernel oil). Menopausal symptoms can also be treated with diet and herbs.

(See Animal Fats.)

Fatty Acids
Can be one or any mixture of liquid and solid acids such as caprylic, lauric, myristic, oleic, palmitic, and stearic. Used in bubble baths, lipsticks, soap, detergents, cosmetics, food. Alternatives: vegetable-derived acids, soy lecithin, safflower oil, bitter almond oil, sunflower oil, etc.

FD&C Colors
(See Colors.)

From exploited and slaughtered birds. Used whole as ornaments or ground up in shampoos. (See Down and Keratin.)

Fish Liver Oil
Used in vitamins and supplements. In milk fortified with vitamin D. Alternatives: yeast extract ergosterol and exposure of skin to sunshine.

Fish Oil
(See Marine Oil.) Fish oil can also be from marine mammals. Used in soap-making.

Fish Scales
Used in shimmery makeups. Alternatives: mica, rayon, synthetic pearl.

Obtained from animals (usually mink, foxes, or rabbits) cruelly trapped in steel-jaw leghold traps or raised in intensive confinement on fur "farms." Alternatives: synthetics. (See Sable Brushes.)

(See Gelatin.)

Gelatin. Gel.
Protein obtained by boiling skin, tendons, ligaments, and/or bones with water. From cows and pigs. Used in shampoos, face masks, and other cosmetics. Used as a thickener for fruit gelatins and puddings (e.g., "Jello"). In candies, marshmallows, cakes, ice cream, yogurts. On photographic film and in vitamins as a coating and as capsules. Sometimes used to assist in "clearing" wines. Alternatives: carrageen (carrageenan, Irish moss), seaweeds (algin, agar-agar, kelp—used in jellies, plastics, medicine), pectin from fruits, dextrins, locust bean gum, cotton gum, silica gel. Marshmallows were originally made from the root of the marsh mallow plant. Vegetarian capsules are now available from several companies. Digital cameras don't use film.

Glucose Tyrosinase
(See Tyrosine.)

(See Glycerin.)

Glycerin. Glycerol.
A byproduct of soap manufacture (normally uses animal fat). In cosmetics, foods, mouthwashes, chewing gum, toothpastes, soaps, ointments, medicines, lubricants, transmission and brake fluid, and plastics. Derivatives: Glycerides, Glyceryls, Glycreth-26, Polyglycerol. Alternatives: vegetable glycerin—a byproduct of vegetable oil soap. Derivatives of seaweed, petroleum.

(See Glycerin.)

(See Glycerin.)

(See Glycerin.)

Guanine. Pearl Essence.
Obtained from scales of fish. Constituent of ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid and found in all animal and plant tissues. In shampoo, nail polish, other cosmetics. Alternatives: leguminous plants, synthetic pearl, or aluminum and bronze particles.

Hide Glue
Same as gelatin but of a cruder impure form. Alternatives: dextrins and synthetic petrochemical-based adhesives. (See Gelatin.)

Food for bees, made by bees. Can cause allergic reactions. Used as a coloring and an emollient in cosmetics and as a flavoring in foods. Should never be fed to infants. Alternatives: in foods—maple syrup, date sugar, syrups made from grains such as barley malt, turbinado sugar, molasses; in cosmetics—vegetable colors and oils.

(See Beeswax.)

(See Animal Hair.)

Hyaluronic Acid
A protein found in umbilical cords and the fluids around the joints. Used in cosmetics. Alternatives: plant oils.

(See Cortisone.)

Hydrolyzed Animal Protein
In cosmetics, especially shampoo and hair treatments. Alternatives: soy protein, other vegetable proteins, amla oil (see alternatives to Keratin).

Imidazolidinyl Urea
(See Urea.)

From hog pancreas. Used by millions of diabetics daily. Alternatives: synthetics, vegetarian diet and nutritional supplements, human insulin grown in a lab.

A form of gelatin prepared from the internal membranes of fish bladders. Sometimes used in "clearing" wines and in foods. Alternatives: bentonite clay, "Japanese isinglass," agar-agar (see alternatives to Gelatin), mica, a mineral used in cosmetics.

Isopropyl Lanolate
(See Lanolin.)

Isopropyl Myristate
(See Myristic Acid.)

Isopropyl Palmitate
Complex mixtures of isomers of stearic acid and palmitic acid. (See Stearic Acid.)

Protein from the ground-up horns, hooves, feathers, quills, and hair of various animals. In hair rinses, shampoos, permanent wave solutions. Alternatives: almond oil, soy protein, amla oil (from the fruit of an Indian tree), human hair from salons. Rosemary and nettle give body and strand strength to hair.

Lactic Acid
Found in blood and muscle tissue. Also in sour milk, beer, sauerkraut, pickles, and other food products made by bacterial fermentation. Used in skin fresheners, as a preservative, in the formation of plasticizers, etc. Alternative: plant milk sugars, synthetics.

Milk sugar from milk of mammals. In eye lotions, foods, tablets, cosmetics, baked goods, medicines. Alternatives: plant milk sugars.

(See Lanolin.)

(See Lanolin.)

Lanolin. Lanolin Acids. Wool Fat. Wool Wax.
A product of the oil glands of sheep, extracted from their wool. Used as an emollient in many skin care products and cosmetics and in medicines. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. (See Wool for cruelty to sheep.) Derivatives: Aliphatic Alcohols, Cholesterin, Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin Alcohols, Lanosterols, Sterols, Triterpene Alcohols. Alternatives: plant and vegetable oils.

Lanolin Alcohol
(See Lanolin.)

(See Lanolin.)

Fat from hog abdomens. In shaving creams, soaps, cosmetics. In baked goods, French fries, refried beans, and many other foods. Alternatives: pure vegetable fats or oils.

Leather. Suede. Calfskin. Sheepskin. Alligator Skin. Other Types of Skin.
Subsidizes the meat industry. Used to make wallets, handbags, furniture and car upholstery, shoes, etc. Alternatives: cotton, canvas, nylon, vinyl, ultrasuede, pleather, other synthetics.

Lecithin. Choline Bitartrate.
Waxy substance in nervous tissue of all living organisms. But frequently obtained for commercial purposes from eggs and soybeans. Also from nerve tissue, blood, milk, corn. Choline bitartrate, the basic constituent of lecithin, is in many animal and plant tissues and prepared synthetically. Lecithin can be in eye creams, lipsticks, liquid powders, hand creams, lotions, soaps, shampoos, other cosmetics, and some medicines. Alternatives: soybean lecithin, synthetics.

Linoleic Acid
An essential fatty acid. Used in cosmetics, vitamins. Alternatives: (See alternatives to Fatty Acids.)

Enzyme from the stomachs and tongue glands of calves, kids, and lambs. Used in cheese-making and in digestive aids. Alternatives: vegetable enzymes, castor beans.

(See Lipoids.)

Lipoids. Lipids.
Fat and fat-like substances that are found in animals and plants. Alternatives: vegetable oils.

Marine Oil
From fish or marine mammals (including porpoises). Used in soap-making. Used as a shortening (especially in some margarines), as a lubricant, and in paint. Alternatives: vegetable oils.

Essential amino acid found in various proteins (usually from egg albumen and casein). Used as a texturizer and for freshness in potato chips. Alternatives: synthetics.

Milk Protein
Hydrolyzed milk protein. From the milk of cows. In cosmetics, shampoos, moisturizers, conditioners, etc. Alternatives: soy protein, other plant proteins.

Mink Oil
From minks. In cosmetics, creams, etc. Alternatives: vegetable oils and emollients such as avocado oil, almond oil, and jojoba oil.

Monoglycerides. Glycerides. (See Glycerin.)
From animal fat. In margarines, cake mixes, candies, foods, etc. In cosmetics. Alternative: vegetable glycerides.

Musk (Oil)
Dried secretion painfully obtained from musk deer, beaver, muskrat, civet cat, and otter genitals. Wild cats are kept captive in cages in horrible conditions and are whipped around the genitals to produce the scent; beavers are trapped; deer are shot. In perfumes and in food flavorings. Alternatives: labdanum oil (which comes from various rockrose shrubs) and other plants with a musky scent. Labdanum oil has no known

Myristal Ether Sulfate
(See Myristic Acid.)

Myristic Acid
Organic acid in most animal and vegetable fats. In butter acids. Used in shampoos, creams, cosmetics. In food flavorings. Derivatives: Isopropyl Myristate, Myristal Ether Sulfate, Myristyls, Oleyl Myristate. Alternatives: nut butters, oil of lovage, coconut oil, extract from seed kernels of nutmeg, etc.

(See Myristic Acid.)

"Natural Sources"
Can mean animal or vegetable sources. Most often in the health food industry, especially in the cosmetics area, it means animal sources, such as animal elastin, glands, fat, protein, and oil. Alternatives: plant sources.

Nucleic Acids
In the nucleus of all living cells. Used in cosmetics, shampoos, conditioners, etc. Also in vitamins, supplements. Alternatives: plant sources.

(See Oleyl Alcohol.)

Octyl Dodecanol
Mixture of solid waxy alcohols. Primarily from stearyl alcohol. (See Stearyl Alcohol.)

Oleic Acid
Obtained from various animal and vegetable fats and oils. Usually obtained commercially from inedible tallow. (See Tallow.) In foods, soft soap, bar soap, permanent wave solutions, creams, nail polish, lipsticks, many other skin preparations. Derivatives: Oleyl Oleate, Oleyl Stearate. Alternatives: coconut oil. (See alternatives to Animal Fats and Oils.)

(See alternatives to Animal Fats and Oils.)

(See Oleyl Alcohol.)

Oleyl Alcohol. Ocenol.
Found in fish oils. Used in the manufacture of detergents, as a plasticizer for softening fabrics, and as a carrier for medications. Derivatives: Oleths, Oleyl Arachidate, Oleyl Imidazoline.

Oleyl Arachidate
(See Oleyl Alcohol.)

Oleyl Imidazoline
(See Oleyl Alcohol.)

Oleyl Myristate
(See Myristic Acid.)

Oleyl Oleate
(See Oleic Acid.)

Oleyl Stearate
(See Oleic Acid.)

(See Palmitic Acid.)

(See Palmitic Acid.)

(See Palmitic Acid.)

Palmitic Acid
From fats, oils (see Fatty Acids). Mixed with stearic acid. Found in many animal fats and plant oils. In shampoos, shaving soaps, creams. Derivatives: Palmitate, Palmitamine, Palmitamide. Alternatives: palm oil, vegetable sources.

Panthenol. Dexpanthenol. Vitamin B-Complex Factor. Provitamin B-5.
Can come from animal or plant sources or synthetics. In shampoos, supplements, emollients, etc. In foods. Derivative: Panthenyl. Alternatives: synthetics, plants.

(See Panthenol.)

In hogs' stomachs. A clotting agent. In some cheeses and vitamins. Same uses and alternatives as Rennet.

Placenta. Placenta Polypeptides Protein. Afterbirth.
Contains waste matter eliminated by the fetus. Derived from the uterus of slaughtered animals. Animal placenta is widely used in skin creams, shampoos, masks, etc. Alternatives: kelp. (See alternatives to Animal Fats and Oils.)

(See Glycerin.)

From animal protein. Used in cosmetics. Alternatives: plant proteins and enzymes.

Derivatives of fatty acids. In cosmetics, foods.

A supplemental female hormone that comes from horse urine. It's used for a preparation of conjugated estrogens.

Obtained from the liver oil of sharks and from whale ambergris. (See Squalene, Ambergris.) Used as a lubricant and anti-corrosive agent. In cosmetics. Alternatives: plant oils, synthetics.

A steroid hormone used in anti-wrinkle face creams. Can have adverse systemic effects. Alternatives: synthetics.

Tree sap gathered by bees and used as a sealant in beehives. In toothpaste, shampoo, deodorant, supplements, etc. Alternatives: tree sap, synthetics.

Provitamin A
(See Carotene.)

Provitamin B-5
(See Panthenol.)

Provitamin D-2
(See Vitamin D.)

Rennet. Rennin.
Enzyme from calves' stomachs. Used in cheese-making, rennet custard (junket), and in many coagulated dairy products. Alternatives: microbial coagulating agents, bacteria culture, lemon juice, or vegetable rennet.

(See Rennet.)

Resinous Glaze
(See Shellac.)

Ribonucleic Acid
(See RNA.)

RNA. Ribonucleic Acid.
RNA is in all living cells. Used in many protein shampoos and cosmetics. Alternatives: plant cells.

Royal Jelly
Secretion from the throat glands of the honeybee workers that is fed to the larvae in a colony and to all queen larvae. No proven value in cosmetics preparations. Alternatives: aloe vera, comfrey, other plant derivatives.

Sable Brushes
From the fur of sables (weasel-like mammals). Used to make eye makeup, lipstick, and artists' brushes. Alternatives: synthetic fibers.

Sea Turtle Oil
(See Turtle Oil.)

Shark Liver Oil
Used in lubricating creams and lotions. Derivatives: Squalane, Squalene. Alternatives: vegetable oils.

(See Leather.)

Shellac. Resinous Glaze.
Resinous excretion of certain insects. Used as a candy glaze, in hair lacquer, and on jewelry. Alternatives: plant waxes.

Silk. Silk Powder.
Silk is the shiny fiber made by silkworms to form their cocoons. Worms are boiled in their cocoons to get the silk. Used in cloth. In silk-screening (other fine cloth can be and is used instead). Taffeta can be made from silk or nylon. Silk powder is obtained from the secretion of the silkworm. It is used as a coloring agent in face powders, soaps, etc. Can cause severe allergic skin reactions and systemic reactions (if inhaled or ingested). Alternatives: milkweed seed-pod fibers, nylon, silk-cotton tree and ceiba tree filaments (kapok), rayon, and synthetic silks.

In some cosmetics (crushed).

Sodium Caseinate
(See Casein.)

Sodium Steroyl Lactylate
(See Lactic Acid.)

Sodium Tallowate
(See Tallow.)

Spermaceti. Cetyl Palmitate. Sperm Oil.
Waxy oil derived from the sperm whale's head or from dolphins. In many margarines. In skin creams, ointments, shampoos, candles, etc. Used in the leather industry. May become rancid and cause irritations. Alternatives: synthetic spermaceti, jojoba oil, and other vegetable emollients.

Sponge (Luna and Sea)
A plant-like animal. Lives in the sea. Becoming scarce. Alternatives: synthetic sponges, loofahs (plants used as sponges).

(See Shark Liver Oil.)

Oil from shark livers, etc. In cosmetics, moisturizers, hair dyes, surface-active agents. Alternatives: vegetable emollients such as olive oil, wheat germ oil, rice bran oil, etc.

(See Stearic Acid.)

(See Stearic Acid.)

Stearamine Oxide
(See Stearyl Alcohol.)

(See Stearic Acid.)

Stearic Acid
Fat from cows and sheep and from dogs and cats euthanized in animal shelters, etc. Most often refers to a fatty substance taken from the stomachs of pigs. Can be harsh, irritating. Used in cosmetics, soaps, lubricants, candles, hairspray, conditioners, deodorants, creams, chewing gum, food flavoring. Derivatives: Stearamide, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyl Betaine, Stearyl Imidazoline. Alternatives: Stearic acid can be found in many vegetable fats, coconut.

Stearic Hydrazide
(See Stearic Acid.)

(See Stearic Acid.)

(See Stearic Acid.)

Stearoyl Lactylic Acid
(See Stearic Acid.)

Stearyl Acetate
(See Stearyl Alcohol.)

Stearyl Alcohol. Sterols.
A mixture of solid alcohols. Can be prepared from sperm whale oil. In medicines, creams, rinses, shampoos, etc. Derivatives: Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetate, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearate. Alternatives: plant sources, vegetable stearic acid.

Stearyl Betaine
(See Stearic Acid.)

Stearyl Caprylate
(See Stearyl Alcohol.)

Stearyl Citrate
(See Stearyl Alcohol.)

Stearyldimethyl Amine
(See Stearyl Alcohol.)

Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate
(See Stearyl Alcohol.)

Stearyl Heptanoate
(See Stearyl Alcohol.)

Stearyl Imidazoline
(See Stearic Acid.)

Stearyl Octanoate
(See Stearyl Alcohol.)

Stearyl Stearate
(See Stearyl Alcohol.)

Steroids. Sterols
From various animal glands or from plant tissues. Steroids include sterols. Sterols are alcohol from animals or plants (e.g., cholesterol). Used in hormone preparation. In creams, lotions, hair conditioners, fragrances, etc. Alternatives: plant tissues, synthetics.

(See Stearyl Alcohol and Steroids.)

(See Leather.)

Tallow. Tallow Fatty Alcohol. Stearic Acid
Rendered beef fat. May cause eczema and blackheads. In wax paper, crayons, margarines, paints, rubber, lubricants, etc. In candles, soaps, lipsticks, shaving creams, other cosmetics. Chemicals (e.g., PCB) can be in animal tallow. Derivatives: Sodium Tallowate, Tallow Acid, Tallow Amide, Tallow Amine, Talloweth-6, Tallow Glycerides, Tallow Imidazoline. Alternatives: vegetable tallow, Japan tallow, paraffin and/or ceresin (see alternatives to Beeswax for all three). Paraffin is usually from petroleum, wood, coal, or shale oil.

Tallow Acid
(See Tallow.)

Tallow Amide
(See Tallow.)

Tallow Amine
(See Tallow.)

(See Tallow.)

Tallow Glycerides
(See Tallow.)

Tallow Imidazoline
(See Tallow.)

Triterpene Alcohols
(See Lanolin.)

Turtle Oil. Sea Turtle Oil
From the muscles and genitals of giant sea turtles. In soap, skin creams, nail creams, other cosmetics. Alternatives: vegetable emollients (see alternatives to Animal Fats and Oils).

Amino acid hydrolyzed from casein. Used in cosmetics and creams. Derivative: Glucose Tyrosinase.

Urea. Carbamide
Excreted from urine and other bodily fluids. In deodorants, ammoniated dentifrices, mouthwashes, hair colorings, hand creams, lotions, shampoos, etc. Used to "brown" baked goods, such as pretzels. Derivatives: Imidazolidinyl Urea, Uric Acid. Alternatives: synthetics.

Uric Acid
(See Urea.)

Vitamin A
Can come from fish liver oil (e.g., shark liver oil), egg yolk, butter, lemongrass, wheat germ oil, carotene in carrots, and synthetics. It is an aliphatic alcohol. In cosmetics, creams, perfumes, hair dyes, etc. In vitamins, supplements. Alternatives: carrots, other vegetables, synthetics.

Vitamin B-Complex Factor
(See Panthenol.)

Vitamin B Factor
(See Biotin.)

Vitamin B-12
Usually animal source. Some vegetarian B-12 vitamins are in a stomach base. Alternatives: some vegetarian B-12-fortified yeasts and analogs available. Plant algae discovered containing B-12, now in supplement form (spirulina).Some nutritionist caution that fortified foods or supplements are essential.

Vitamin D. Ergocalciferol. Vitamin D-2. Ergosterol. Provitamin D-2. Calciferol. Vitamin D-3
Vitamin D can come from fish liver oil, milk, egg yolk, etc. Vitamin D-2 can come from animal fats or plant sterols. Vitamin D-3 is always from an animal source. All the D vitamins can be in creams, lotions, other cosmetics, vitamin tablets, etc. Alternatives: plant and mineral sources, synthetics, completely vegetarian vitamins, exposure of skin to sunshine. Many other vitamins can come from animal sources. Examples: choline, biotin, inositol, riboflavin, etc.

Vitamin H
(See Biotin.)

Glossy, hard substance that is soft when hot. From animals and plants. In lipsticks, depilatories, hair straighteners. Alternatives: vegetable waxes.

A serum from milk. Usually in cakes, cookies, candies, and breads. In cheese-making. Alternatives: soybean whey.

From sheep. Used in clothing. Ram lambs and old "wool" sheep are slaughtered for their meat. Sheep are transported without food or water, in extreme heat and cold. Legs are broken, eyes injured, etc. Sheep are bred to be unnaturally woolly, also unnaturally wrinkly, which causes them to get insect infestations around the tail areas. The farmer's solution to this is the painful cutting away of the flesh around the tail (called "mulesing"). "Inferior" sheep are killed. When shearing the sheep, they are pinned down violently and sheared roughly. Their skin is cut up. Every year, hundreds of thousands of shorn sheep die from exposure to cold. Natural predators of sheep (wolves, coyotes, eagles, etc.) are poisoned, trapped, and shot. In the U.S., overgrazing of cattle and sheep is turning more than 150 million acres of land to desert. "Natural" wool production uses enormous amounts of resources and energy (to breed, raise, feed, shear, transport, slaughter, etc., the sheep). Derivatives: Lanolin, Wool Wax, Wool Fat. Alternatives: cotton, cotton flannel, synthetic fibers, ramie, etc.

Wool Fat
(See Lanolin.)

Wool Wax
(See Lanolin.)

You Are Coke

A true original and classic, you represent the best of everything you can offer.
Just the right amount of sweet, just the right amount of energy... you're the life of the party.

Your best soda match: Mountain Dew

Stay away from: Dr Pepper

This should really be POP, not soda. :P

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